Glossary

Aggravated Assault: an unlawful attack by one person upon the person of another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault is usually accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm.

Arson: any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.

Assault: see aggravated assault or simple assault.

Auto Theft: see Motor Vehicle Theft.

Bias Motivated: no person, whether or not acting under color of law, shall by force or threat of force, willfully injure, intimidate, interfere with, oppress, or threaten any other person or, shall knowingly deface, damage, or destroy the real or personal property of any other person for the purpose of intimidating or interfering, with the free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege secured to him or her by the Constitution or laws of this state or by the Constitution or laws of the United States because of the other person’s race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, disability, gender, or sexual orientation, or because he or she perceives that the other person has one or more of those characteristics.

Bomb - Actual: all violations of regulations or statutes controlling the carrying, using, possessing, furnishing, and manufacturing of explosives and explosive devices.

Bomb - Threat: the reporting of a bomb or explosive device that has or will be placed in any public or private place, knowing that such information is false.

Burglary: the unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or theft. Attempted forcible entry is included.

Disturbing The Peace: fighting, or challenging to fight, in a public place; disturbing others by loud and unreasonable noise; or using offensive words likely to produce violent reaction.

Driving Under The Influence: driving or operating any vehicle or common carrier while under the influence of alcoholic beverage or narcotics.

FBI Crime Index Offenses: seven offenses chosen to serve as an index for gauging fluctuations in the overall volume and rate of crime. Known jointly as the Crime Index, these offenses include the violent crimes of murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, and the property crimes of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.

Felony: a crime which is punishable with death or by imprisonment in the state prison.

Forcible Rape: see Rape.

Forgery / NSF: signing the name of another person without authority to do so or falsely making, altering, forging, or counterfeiting documents, etc.; making or delivering a check with insufficient funds.

Homicide: see Willful Homicide.

Infraction: an offense punishable by a fine or other penalty, but not by incarceration.

Larceny - Theft: the unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possessing or constructive possession of another (except embezzlement, fraud, forgery, and worthless checks). Attempted larceny-theft is included.

Miscellaneous Offenses: violations of state or local laws, except traffic violations and those listed elsewhere in the report.

Misdemeanor: a crime punishable by imprisonment in a county jail, by fine, or by both. Under certain conditions a felony crime can be treated as a misdemeanor.

Motor Vehicle Theft: the theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle.

Narcotics: state and local offenses relating to the unlawful possession, sale, use, growing, and manufacturing or narcotic drugs.

Non Aggravated Assault: see Simple Assault.

Property Crime: defined by UCR as structure burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.

Public Drunkenness: offenses related to drunkenness or intoxication. Excluded is “driving under the influence.”

Rape: the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will, is incapable to give consent due to mental disorder, developmental or physical disability, intoxication, or unconsciousness, or if the act is committed by trickery. Assaults or attempts to commit rape or threat of force are included.

Robbery: the taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.

Sex Offenses - No Force: unlawful, non-forcible sexual intercourse: incest; statutory rape.

Sex Offenses - Force: any sexual act directed against another person, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or not forcibly or against the person's will where the victim is incapable of giving consent: forcible sodomy; sexual assault with an object; and forcible fondling.

Simple Assault: assaults and attempted assaults where no weapon was used and which did not result in serious or aggravated injury to the victim.

Stolen Property: buying, receiving, and possessing stolen property, including attempts.

Trespass: certain acts willfully committed on private or public lands e.g., refusal to leave a public building upon request when the building is closed for business.

UCR: see Uniform Crime Reports.

Uniform Crime Reports: a federal reporting system which provides data on crime based on police statistics submitted by law enforcement agencies in the nation.

Vandalism: willful or malicious destruction, injury, or disfigurement of any public or private property, real or personal, without consent of owner or persons having custody or control.

Vehicle Code - All Other: vehicle code violations, other than infractions (except driving under the influence and hit and run).

Vehicle Code - Hit And Run: failure of a driver involved in an accident to stop at the accident scene and notify the property owner and/or police.

Vehicle Theft: see Motor Vehicle Theft

Violent Crime: defined by UCR as willful homicide, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.

Weapons: all violations of regulations or statutes controlling the carrying, using, possessing, furnishing, and manufacturing of deadly weapons. Attempts are included.

Willful Homicide: the willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another. Murder and non-negligent manslaughter are included.

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